Marc Prensky’s 2001 paper ‘Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants’ and Don Tapscott’s books ‘Growing up digital’ (1997) and ‘Grown up digital (2008) are generally seen as the two works that began this debate about the generational digital divide. The argument continues but there is a growing body of evidence that this is clearly no longer a tenable argument. Prensky himself has revised his view in his more recent writings.
In The fallacy of digital immigrants Dan Pontefract links to some of the more recent studies.
Steve Wheeler posted the following comment on twitter earlier this year ‘there are no digital natives. there is no net generation. we are all in this together. that is all’ and posted a blog ‘the natives are revolting’ where he discusses the implications of this kind of antagonistic thinking. He also includes some excellent current research material.